Polygon Wood (World War 1, 26 September 1917 to 3 October 1917)

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About This Campaign

 

Polygon Wood 26 Sep 1917

The battle of Polygon Wood was the I ANZAC component of a larger British and dominion operation staged as part of the third battle of Ypres. This operation was the second of the "Plumer battles", a serious of well-planned, limited advances supported by large volumes of artillery, masterminded by the British general Herbert Plumer.  He advocated and executed what was described as "Bite and Hold" tactics which were very successful in countering the tendency of British troops to over-reach and become vulnerable to German counter-attack. The name "Polygon Wood" derived from a young plantation forest that lay along I ANZAC's axis of advance, the western extremity of which had been reached in the earlier Battle of Menin Road.

                              

Right Assault Division I ANZAC Corps

                             

Scheduled to begin on 26 September 1917, the operation was almost derailed by a German attack on the British X Corps to the south of I ANZAC. A day earlier, Australian troops of the 15th Brigade, preparing for their attack, took part in fending off the Germans; however, their advance the next day began with continuing uncertainty as to the security of their flank.

The British and dominion advance began on schedule at 5.50 am on the 26th, with the 4th and 5th Divisions, on the left and right respectively, taking the lead in the I ANZAC sector. The infantry advanced behind a heavy artillery barrage - the noise of this was compared to a roaring bushfire - and they secured most of their objectives without difficulty. To the south, the 15th Brigade, which after its efforts the previous day had been reinforced by two battalions from the 8th, secured not only its own objectives but those allocated to the neighbouring 98th British Brigade. The Germans launched several counter-attacks but these were thwarted by the heavy defensive artillery barrages used to protect the infantry consolidating on their objectives; this was a feature of the Plumer battles. The battle cost 5,770 Australian casualties.

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Stories

Private A.V. Barber wrote:


Slowly we advance, keeping behind the creeping barrage, which churns up the whole country. The red flashes of bursting shells mark its progress. The men advance, not altogether as on parade, but sections grouped. As the creeping barrage reaches the first line of enemy trenches, the standing barrage lifts and falls on his support trenches, while the creeping barrage maintains its rate of 100 yards to the minute. As we approach the enemy’s front line, those who have survived that hell come running towards us, all their equipment gone, hands above their heads, crying “Kamerad!” Hastily they are grouped together, put in charge of one of our chaps and sent off to the rear. The front line simply doesn’t exist as a trench. Recognisable mostly by arms and legs showing above the surface, we can just make out its position.’ 5

Thanks to Neville Browning for sourcing this quote

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Names

Showing 8 people of interest from campaign

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DONALDSON, Alexander Stewart

Service number 920
Private
32nd Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born Jun 1890

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GERHARDY, Gustav Alfred

Service number 3652
Private
32nd Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 2 Feb 1894

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O'CONNOR, William Quinlan

Service number 2239A
Corporal
50th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 17 Mar 1890

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MARGISON, Arthur John

Service number T255457
Captain
Brighton POW Camp
Australian Military Forces (AMF) - WW2
Born 19 Jul 1895

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BASEDOW, Fritz Newton

Service number 260
Lieutenant
8th Machine Gun Company
AIF WW1
Born 28 Nov 1893

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TICE, George

Service number 4611
Private
31st Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 1892

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STAPLETON, John

Service number 5441
Lance Corporal
55th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born Sep 1888

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HILL, Stanley Noble

Service number 2618
Gunner
7th Field Artillery Brigade
AIF WW1
Born Mar 1891

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