New Guinea - Huon Peninsula / Markham and Ramu Valley /Finisterre Ranges Campaigns (World War 2, 4 September 1943 to 19 January 1944)

Normal 016722

About This Campaign

After the defeat of the Japanese forces along  the northern beaches of New Guinea at Buna, Gona, Salamaua and later Wau, the stage was set for the next phase of clearing Japanese forces from the north coast.  Attention centred on Lae and the Huon Peninsula.

The plan for capture of Lae was to entail a pincer movement.  The 9th Division was to make an amphibious landing east of the town and then advance upon it along the coast.  Meanwhile the 7th Division would be flown into Nadzab in the Markham Valley and advance on Lae from the west. The 5th Division would continue its operations west of Salamaua to divert Japanese attention from Lae.

Extract from AWM 'Wartime' (see link in sidebar)

The New Guinea offensives of 1943–44 were the single largest series of connected operations Australia has ever mounted. While the supreme command was, of course, American and while the campaign depended upon American air and naval support, the New Guinea battles were Australia’s own. They involved tens of thousands of troops, both in combatant units and in the massive logistic infrastructure that jungle warfare demanded.

They involved units of all three Australian services. Though the common image of Australians in the New Guinea campaigns is of a soldier in jungle green, the RAN and RAAF provided vital support. The navy protected the convoys carrying men and supplies to New Guinea and often charted the coastline on which they landed. They involved vessels of all sizes, from the Fairmile launches raiding the Japanese-held coast to the big landing ships carrying the 9th Division into the amphibious landings near Lae. The RAAF, operating as part of the US Fifth Air Force, provided both direct air support against Japanese positions and carried men and supplies in and wounded out of the battle. Virtually every type operated by the RAAF took part in the campaigns, from Boomerang artillery spotters to the Beaufighters and Beauforts providing close support, and the Kittyhawks which protected them, and the Dakotas on which transport in the islands depended.

 

Read more...

Names

Showing 8 people of interest from campaign

Thumb sullivan harry
SULLIVAN, Harrold Ernest

Service number SX15619
Private
2nd/43rd Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 5 Jul 1906

Thumb 1a
SCHULZ, Glen Erwin

Service number S32973
Private
151st General Transport Company
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 21 Feb 1918

Thumb 1a
BRUNSDEN, Frank

Service number VX124498
Gunner
77 Anti Aircraft Search Light Battery
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 7 Nov 1923

Thumb image
SEMMENS, Lewis Morell

Service number SX7189
Private
2nd/48th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 29 Oct 1915

Thumb image
SEATON, Dan Cecil

Service number QX29093
Private
2nd/15th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 30 Jun 1916

Thumb 2a
BUTLER, Vivian James

Service number Q135266
Private
2nd/9th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 4 Aug 1920

Thumb 1aa
DANIELL, Ronald Ernest

Service number QX579
Sapper
2nd/13th Field Company
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 21 Sep 1916

Thumb gordon fisher
FISHER, Gordon Edward John

Service number Q114009
Private
42nd Infantry Battalion AMF
Citizen Military Forces (CMF) / Militia - WW2
Born 28 Oct 1921