James Ernest (Jim) NEWLAND VC, MiD

NEWLAND, James Ernest

Service Numbers: 2354, 2
Enlisted: 17 August 1914, Pontville, Tasmania
Last Rank: Captain
Last Unit: 12th Infantry Battalion
Born: Highton, Victoria, 22 August 1881
Home Town: Sheffield, Kentish, Tasmania
Schooling: Not yet discovered
Occupation: Soldier
Died: Natural causes (heart disease), Caulfield, Victoria, 19 March 1949, aged 67 years
Cemetery: Brighton General Cemetery, Victoria
Methodist section
Memorials: Keith Payne VC Memorial Park, Kentish Municipality Honour Roll Mural, Lindisfarne Officers of the 12th Battalion Pictorial Honour Roll, North Bondi War Memorial, Winchelsea WWI Memorial
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Boer War Service

1 Oct 1899: Involvement Private, SN 2354, 4th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse
11 Feb 1902: Involvement Australian and Colonial Military Forces (Boer War / Boxer Rebellion), Trooper, SN 2354, 4th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

World War 1 Service

17 Aug 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant, SN 2, 12th Infantry Battalion, Pontville, Tasmania
20 Oct 1914: Involvement AIF WW1, Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant, SN 2, 12th Infantry Battalion, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
20 Oct 1914: Embarked AIF WW1, Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant, SN 2, 12th Infantry Battalion, HMAT Geelong, Hobart
25 Apr 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant, SN 2, 12th Infantry Battalion, 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli
25 Apr 1915: Wounded 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli, GSW (arm)
2 Jun 1915: Promoted AIF WW1, Second Lieutenant, 12th Infantry Battalion
15 Oct 1915: Promoted AIF WW1, Lieutenant, 12th Infantry Battalion
1 Mar 1916: Promoted AIF WW1, Captain, 12th Infantry Battalion
26 Feb 1917: Wounded German Withdrawal to Hindenburg Line and Outpost Villages, 2nd occasion - GSW (face)
6 May 1917: Wounded Bullecourt (Second), 3rd occasion - Shell wound (shoulder)
2 Mar 1918: Discharged AIF WW1, Captain, 12th Infantry Battalion

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Biography

Previously served in South Africa also the Royal Australian Artillery in Victoria from July 1903 until September 1907. He was a policeman in Tasmania from March 1909 until August 1910 when he rejoined the regular army there. He served with the Australian Instructional Corps until enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force as regimental quartermaster sergeant, 12th Battalion.

"Captain James Ernest Newland VC, A Company, 12th Battalion. Capt Newland was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in the face of heavy odds, on three separate occasions" on 7-9 April at Bapaume-Cambrai Road and 15 April 1917 at Lagnicourt, France. Capt Newland organised and led a bombing attack on an important objective, rallying his company which had suffered heavy casualties. The next night the enemy launched a counter attack, which Capt Newland was able to disperse and regain the position. Later on 15 April, he organised his company to launch a counter attack on the enemy which had overpowered D Company to his left and restored the line. Capt Newland was wounded three times before returning to Australia in 1918 where he continued to serve as an officer of the Permanent Forces, being awarded the Meritorious Service Medal in November 1935, retiring on 22 August 1941. He died on 19 March 1948. Capt Newland was the oldest member of the AIF to be awarded the Victoria Cross, he was thirty five..." - SOURCE (www.awm.gov.au)

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