Lae War Cemetery & Lae Memorial Back to Search

Normal entrance   view of memorial   cross of sacrifice  from road    peter john tate

Cemetery Details

Location Lae, Papua New Guinea
Co‑ordinates S6.7224677, E146.9976822
Description

Memorial Ave, LAE, Morobe Province,  Papua New Guinea.


Lae is a town and port at the mouth of the Markham River on the Huon Gulf.

LAE WAR CEMETERY  & LAE MEMORIAL are located adjacent to the Botanical Gardens in the centre of Lae.

There is a RAAF DC3 Aircraft mounted in the LAE Botanic Gardens (shown on map).

In the early months of 1942, Japan enjoyed a crushing superiority in the air, and it was Lae and its neighbouring airfields that were the objects of the first Japanese attack on New Guinea.

Lae and Salamaua were bombed on 21 January 1942 by 100 planes, but the land forces did not enter the territory until 7 March, when 3,000 Japanese landed at Lae.

There were landings too at Salamaua, followed on 21 July by further landings at Buna and Gona on the east coast in preparation for a drive through the Owen Stanley Mountains across the Papuan peninsula to Port Moresby. The vital stage of the New Guinea campaign dates from that time. Lae became one of the bases from which the southward drive was launched and maintained until it was stopped at Ioribaiwa Ridge, a point within 60 kilometres of Port Moresby.

The cemetery also contains two VICTORIA CROSS recipients


748 Flight Lieutenant WILLIAM ELLIS NEWTON VC, awarded the VC on 19 October 1943 for his actions on 16–18 March, becoming the only Australian airman to earn the decoration in the South West Pacific theatre of WWII, and the only one while flying with an RAAF squadron.  He was captured by the Japanese along with Flight Sergeant J. Lyon. Both men were sent to Lae where Lyon was later executed. Newton was returned to Salamaua and on 29 March 1943 he too was executed. His death became linked with that of another Australian, Len Siffleet, a special operations sergeant who had also been captured in New Guinea.

and


NX24405 Lieutenant ALBERT CHOWNE VC, MM of the 2/2 Infantry Battalion, who died on 25th March 1945.
On 25 March 1945, Chowne, seeing the leading platoon in his company's attack on Japanese positions run into trouble, left cover and charged the enemy. He managed to knock out two machine guns before being killed. Chowne's actions enabled the attack to continue and, according to his citation, paved the way for the 6th Division's advance on Wewak. (courtesy of AWM).



LAE WAR CEMETERY
Commenced in 1944 by the Australian Army Graves Service and handed over to the Commission in 1947.

The cemetery contains the graves of men who lost their lives during the New Guinea campaign whose graves were brought here from the temporary military cemeteries in areas where the fighting took place. The Indian casualties were soldiers of the army of undivided India who had been taken prisoner during the fighting in Malaya and Hong Kong.

The great majority of the unidentified were recovered between But airfield and Wewak, where they had died while employed in working parties. Of the two men belonging to the army of the United Kingdom, one was attached to 2/9th Australian Infantry Battalion and the other was a member of the Hong Kong-Singapore Royal Artillery.

The naval casualties were killed, or died of injuries received, on H.M. Ships King George V, Glenearn and Empire Arquebus, and the 4 men of the Merchant Navy were killed when the S.S. Gorgon was bombed and damaged in Milne Bay in April 1943.

The cemetery contains 2,818 Commonwealth burials of WWII444 of them unidentified.

Prior to WWI, north-eastern New Guinea and certain adjacent islands were German possessions, and were occupied by Australian Forces on 12 September 1914.

Several cemeteries in New Guinea contain the graves of men who died during that war. There is one such grave in Lae War Cemetery, brought in from a burial ground where permanent maintenance could not be assured.

 

LAE MEMORIAL
 
The memorial stands in the entrance to the cemetery.  It has '8' bronze tablets fixed to walls linking the end columns of the building, upon which are engraved the names of members of the Australian Armed Forces.
 
It commemorates more than 300 officers,  men and women of the Australian Army, the Australian Merchant Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force who lost their lives in these operations and have no known grave.
 
Casualties of the Royal Australian Navy who lost their lives in the south-western Pacific region, and have no known grave but the sea, are commemorated on Plymouth Naval Memorial in England along with many of their comrades of the Royal Navy and of other Commonwealth Naval Forces.

The Japanese attack on New Guinea, a necesary preliminary to the projected invasion of Australia, commenced with heavy air raids on Lae and Salamaua, followed by the landings of troops. At Lae, a town and port at the mouth of the Markham River on the Huon Gulf, 3,000 Japanese landed on the 7th March, 1942.

There were landings, too, at Salamaua. The enemy did not however immediately attempt the conquest of the island, but on the 21st July he landed troops at Buna and Bona on the east coast in preparation for a drive through the Owen Stanley Moutnains across the Papuan peninsula to Port Moresby.

The vital stage of the New Guinea campaign dates from that time. Lae and Salamaua became bases from which this southward drive was launched until it was stopped at Ioribaiwa Ridge, a point within 35 miles of Port Moresby.

When in January 1943, the Japanese renewed their attempts to reach Port Moresby, this time by the Markham and Bulolo valleys, their first objective was Wau, with its airfield. With reinforcements landing on the airfield only 800 yards from the enemy, the attack was held and the Japanese withdrew in February. Thereafter the initiative passed to the Australian troops who steadfastly forced the Japanese back.

On the 11th September, 1943, Salamaua was captured and on the 16th September, after attack by seaborne and airborne forces, Lae was taken.



Read more...

Names

Showing 8 people of interest from cemetery

Thumb 1a
DEWAR, Reg

Service number WX7410
Lieutenant
2nd/11th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 1915

Thumb ron4
HARTSHORN, Ronald Gordon

Service number NX152874
Private
47th Infantry Battalion AMF
Citizen Military Forces (CMF) / Militia - WW2
Born 25 Jun 1923

Thumb 1a
RUSSELL, Oswald Henry

Service number NX46644
Corporal
2nd/4th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 7 Feb 1918

Thumb 1a
BURNELL, Noel George

Service number 409289
Flying Officer
No. 23 Squadron (RAAF)
Royal Australian Air Force
Born 11 Dec 1922

Thumb harding 2
HARDING, Angus Gregory

Service number SX1787
Private
2nd/10th Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 15 Oct 1913

Thumb 138x243 cfhdl002 072 park
PARK, James William

Service number VX51193
Lieutenant
2/6th Australian Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 14 Feb 1910

Thumb normal 1
BROOK, Hugh Frank

Service number SX5709
Corporal
2nd/43rd Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 16 Jan 1914

Thumb tregeagle  jesse roy 3
TREGEAGLE, Jesse Roy

Service number SX10879
Corporal
2nd/43rd Infantry Battalion
2nd AIF WW 2
Born 30 Jul 1910