Etaples Military Cemetery Back to Search

Normal etaples

Cemetery Details

Location Route Departementale 940, Etaples, Somme - Hauts-de-France, France
Co‑ordinates N50.53497, E1.62468
Description

Location Information
Etaples is a town about 27 kilometres south of Boulogne. The Military Cemetery is to the north of the town, on the west side of the road to Boulogne.

History Information
During the First World War, the area around the small fishing port of Etaples was the scene of immense concentrations of Commonwealth reinforcement camps and hospitals. It was remote from attack, except from aircraft, and accessible by railway from both the northern or the southern battlefields. At its peak, 100,000 troops were housed there with Commonwealth army training and reinforcement camps and an extensive complex of hospitals.  

In 1917, 100,000 troops were camped among the sand dunes and the hospitals, which included eleven general, one stationary, four Red Cross hospitals and a convalescent depot, could deal with 22,000 wounded or sick. In September 1919, 10 months after the Armistice, three hospitals and the Q.M.A.A.C. convalescent depot remained.

The cemetery is the final resting place of 20 women, including nurses, army auxiliaries and civilian volunteers of the YMCA and Scottish Church Huts organisations. They were killed in air raids or by disease.

By the latter part of the war, more than 2,500 women were serving at the Étaples base. Hailing from many parts of the British Empire as well as France and America, they included ambulance drivers, nurses, members of the Voluntary Aid Detachment and those employed by the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps as bakers, clerks, telephonists and gardeners.

In its early years, the cemetery was visible as the train from Boulogne to Paris passed close by. Sir Fabian Ware, the founder of the Imperial War Graves Commission, ensured that trains would linger for a minute or so to allow passengers a glimpse.

Hospitals were stationed again at Etaples during the Second World War. The cemetery was used for burials from January 1940 until the evacuation at the end of May 1940. After the war, a number of graves were brought into the cemetery from other French burial grounds. Of the 119 Second World War burials, 38 are unidentified.

Etaples Military Cemetery also contains 662 Non Commonwealth burials, mainly German, including six unidentifed. There are also now five Non World War service burials here.

The cemetery was unveiled on 14 May 1922, by King George V and General Douglas Haig.

Just about every AIF soldier in France passed through the personnel depot at some point, and many through the medical evacuation chain.  The "Bull Ring" training system was well known to most diggers in the AIF. Some soldiers noted while undergoing training the never ending procession of casualties and new graves leaving them in no doubt what was waiting further up the line.

Notable burials include Major Douglas Reynolds, a recipient of the Victoria Cross, and William Robert Aufrère Dawson, who was awarded the Distinguished Service Order on four occasions.

Etaples Military Cemetery was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens as Principal Architect and Major George Hartley Goldsmith as Assistant Architect. The cemetery features a Stone of Remembrance and the Cross of Sacrifice.

Read more...

Names

Showing 8 people of interest from cemetery

Thumb normal lt rh boorn
BOORN, Reginald Henry

Service number OFFICER
Lieutenant
27th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 26 Jul 1894

Thumb normal 1916   norris  jack cropped
NORRIS, John

Service number 5741
Private
10th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1

Thumb martin  edwin 3358
MARTIN, Edwin

Service number 3358
Private
40th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 8 Jul 1895

Thumb normal baxter
BAXTER, John Hamilton

Service number 5696
Sapper
13th Field Company Engineers
AIF WW1
Born 1894

Thumb wheatley  cecil henry 3130
WHEATLEY, Cecil Henry

Service number 3130
Private
Born 1882

Thumb normal yaxley  james keith 2836
YAXLEY, James Keith

Service number 2836
Private
12th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 3 Apr 1891

Thumb arnold  francis benjamin 3520
ARNOLD, Francis Benjamin

Service number 3519
Private
6th Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1
Born 1896

Thumb stewart  benjamin 2319
STEWART, Benjamin

Service number 2319
Private
22nd Infantry Battalion
AIF WW1

Thumb etaplesThumb e1Thumb e2Thumb e3
Showing 4 of 4 images.
Click images to start slideshow.