Main image thanks to http://resources.macknortshs.eq.edu.au/ANZAC/LPdawntree.jpg
The Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
The Lone Pine Memorial, co-located with the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli. It is one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
The Memorial is on the site of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the objective of the Australian 1st Division attack on 7th/8th August 1915.
The majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here, their original graves having been lost in the interim. As becomes readily apparent, relatively few soldiers are buried in the marked graves in the various cemeteries on the peninsula.
The Lone Pine Memorial commemorates 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and also those who succumbed to wounds or disease and who were buried at sea during evacuation to Alexandria, Malta and the UK; 960 Australians (nearly 1 in 8 of those lost) and 252 New Zealand soldiers were thus accounted for.
Many ANZACs wounded at Gallipoli succumbed to their wounds either at sea or on the nearby island of Lemnos, where a number of cemeteries are located, and the other destinations mentioned above.
Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries,A tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from Turkish limestone.