Sir Henry George (Harry) CHAUVEL GCMG, KCB

CHAUVEL, Henry George

Service Number: Officer
Enlisted: 4 August 1914, Melbourne, Victoria
Last Rank: General
Last Unit: 1st Light Horse Brigade HQ
Born: Tabulam, New South Wales, 16 April 1865
Home Town: Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria
Schooling: Sydney Grammar School and Toowoomba Grammar School
Occupation: Soldier
Died: Natural causes, Melbourne, Victoria, 4 March 1945, aged 79 years
Cemetery: Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Melbourne
Grevillea, Garden 1, Bed A16, Rose 38
Memorials: Sydney Grammar School WW1 Honour Board, Toowoomba Grammar School South African Honour Roll, Toowoomba Grammar School WW1 Bravery Deeds, Toowoomba Grammar School WW1 Honour Board, Toowoomba Grammar School Wall of Achievement, Upper Clarence Light Horse Memorial
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Boer War Service

1 Oct 1899: Involvement Captain, 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
2 May 1902: Involvement Australian and Colonial Military Forces (Boer War / Boxer Rebellion), Lieutenant Colonel, SN Officer, 7th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

World War 1 Service

4 Aug 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, Colonel, Melbourne, Victoria
21 Oct 1914: Embarked AIF WW1, Colonel, 1st Light Horse Brigade HQ, HMAT Orvieto, Melbourne
21 Oct 1914: Involvement AIF WW1, Colonel, 1st Light Horse Brigade HQ, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
12 May 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Colonel, 1st Light Horse Brigade HQ, 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli
9 Dec 1919: Discharged AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, 1st Light Horse Brigade HQ

World War 2 Service

4 Mar 1945: Discharged Australian Army (Post WW2), General, Chauvel remained with the VDC, based at Victoria Barracks, Melbourne but constantly travelling on inspections until his death on 4 March 1945.

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Biography

"Sir Henry George (Harry) Chauvel (1865-1945), soldier, was born on 16 April 1865 at Tabulam, New South Wales, second son of Charles Henry Edward Chauvel, grazier and cattle-breeder, and his wife Fanny Ada Mary, née James. Chauvel was educated at Sydney Grammar School but had a final year at Toowoomba Grammar before taking his place on his father's cattle-station on the Clarence River. He learned to manage a property, and became a most accomplished horseman.

His ambition was to follow family tradition and join the British Army, there being little scope in the diminutive colonial forces, but his father's losses from drought made Sandhurst and the cavalry impossible. In 1885, when the volunteer movement was reviving, C. H. E. Chauvel raised the Upper Clarence Light Horse in which his son was commissioned next year. In 1888 the family moved to the Darling Downs in Queensland. Harry Chauvel was compelled to resign from the New South Wales forces, but he was commissioned in the Queensland Mounted Infantry in 1890. He had been managing Canning Downs South for three years when in 1896 he obtained an appointment in the Queensland Permanent Military Forces as a captain and adjutant of the Moreton Regiment. He went to England with the Queensland Jubilee Contingent in 1897, staying on for a year for courses and attachments to regular infantry.

Chauvel served with distinction in the South African War as a major in the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry, taking part in the relief of Kimberley, the advance to Pretoria and the battle of Diamond Hill. At the crossing of the Vet River he personally captured a troublesome machine-gun. For a time he led a mixed force, known as Chauvel's Mounted Infantry, in operations in eastern Transvaal. Returning to Australia in 1901 he took command of the 7th Australian Commonwealth Horse as lieutenant-colonel, but the war ended before he reached Durban. For his services in South Africa, Chauvel was appointed C.M.G. and mentioned in dispatches; he was also given the brevet of lieutenant-colonel..." - READ MORE LINK (adb.anu.edu.au)

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