Robert (Bob) MACTIER VC


Service Number: 6939
Enlisted: 1 March 1917, Seymour, Victoria
Last Rank: Private
Last Unit: 23rd Infantry Battalion
Born: Tatura, Greater Shepparton - Victoria, Australia, 17 May 1890
Home Town: Tatura, Greater Shepparton, Victoria
Schooling: Tatura State School, Victoria, Australia
Occupation: Farmer
Died: Killed in Action, Mont St Quentin, Peronne, France, 1 September 1918, aged 28 years
Cemetery: Hem Farm Military Cemetery, Hem-Monacu. France
Memorials: Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Euroa Telegraph Park, Keith Payne VC Memorial Park, North Bondi War Memorial, Tatura R.S.S. & A.I.L.A. Sub-Branch Honour Roll, Tatura Robert Mactier Memorial, Tatura Robert Mactier V.C. Memorial Gardens, Tatura St Andrew's Presbyterian Church WW1 Roll of Honor, Tatura War Memorial, Winchelsea WWI Memorial
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World War 1 Service

1 Mar 1917: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, 6939, Seymour, Victoria
11 May 1917: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, 6939, 23rd Infantry Battalion, HMAT Ascanius, Melbourne
11 May 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 6939, 23rd Infantry Battalion, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
8 Aug 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 6939, 53rd Infantry Battalion, "The Last Hundred Days"
31 Aug 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 6939, 23rd Infantry Battalion, Mont St Quentin / Peronne

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"His memory will always live among hearts that knew his worth"  Gravestone inscription

Robert Mactier, VC (from the Australian Dictionary of Biography (

Robert (Bob) Mactier (1890-1918), soldier and farmer, was born on 17 May 1890 at Tatura, Victoria, son of Scottish-born Robert Mactier, farmer, and his Victorian wife Christina, née Ross. Seventh child in a close-knit Presbyterian family of ten, he was educated at Tatura State School and later worked on his father's properties at Tatura and Caniambo. Stocky and athletic, he excelled at football and shooting; his 'irrepressible sense of humour' and 'gentlemanly disposition' made him popular among the locals.

Mactier enlisted as a private in the Australian Imperial Force on 1 March 1917 and embarked for England with the 19th Reinforcements for the 23rd Battalion. After training he joined the battalion in France on 23 November. Allotted to 'B' Company, in April 1918 he was in heavy fighting around Albert on the Somme and was gassed. In May he was a scout at company headquarters. He fought in the battle of Hamel in July and in the August offensive and on 22 August wrote his last letter home. Victory was in sight: 'if our side only keep going I think the war [will] be over by next spring'.

On 1 September, north of Péronne, Mactier won his battalion's only Victoria Cross. The 23rd was moving into position for the early morning assault on Mont St Quentin. With only twenty minutes left until zero hour, it was stopped by an enemy machine-gun behind a barbed-wire barricade. Two similar posts could be seen further on. An attack on the first position failed and Private Mactier, his company's runner, was sent to investigate. Armed with bombs and a revolver, he ran forward, sized up the situation and dashed to the barricade. He threw a bomb, climbed over the wire and toppled the machine-gun out of the trench. His comrades then advanced, found the eight-man gun-crew dead and saw Mactier capturing all occupants of the next post. He charged the third post, bombing and killing the garrison and discovered yet another obstacle. To avoid wire in the trench he ran into the open and was rushing in for his fourth attack when shot by a gunner on his flank, though one of his friends said that he was 'killed by concussion from a hand grenade'. Through his actions the assaulting companies filed into position just as the barrage fell on Mont St Quentin.

Mactier was buried nearby but was reinterred in the Hem Farm cemetery, Hem-Monacu. In noting his posthumous award the London Times praised his 'exceptional valour and determination', describing him as 'a fine type of the wiry Colonial'. His mates, in their battalion newspaper, remembered him as 'only one of the boys' while his letters home are those of a genial unpretentious man. A radio series on V.C. winners, broadcast in 1936-37, ably summed him up: 'Bob Mactier was typical of his kind, the countryman who became a soldier … a healthy man … well-behaved … quiet and unassuming; he had nothing spectacular in his make-up'. In 1983 his family donated his V.C. to the Australian War Memorial. His name is commemorated in a soldier's club at Watsonia Barracks, Melbourne, which also holds a bronze bust by Wallace Anderson. Mactier was unmarried. His brother David served in the 37th Battalion, A.I.F.


Citation details
Merrilyn Lincoln, 'Mactier, Robert (Bob) (1890–1918)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1986, accessed online 16 May 2016.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, (MUP), 1986