TIVEY, Edwin

Service Numbers: Commissioned Officer, Officer
Enlisted: 22 July 1915
Last Rank: Major General
Last Unit: 8th Infantry Brigade Headquarters
Born: Inglewood, Victoria, Australia , 19 September 1866
Home Town: Malvern, Stonnington, Victoria
Schooling: All Saints Grammar, St Kilda and Wesley College, Melbourne. Victoria, Australia
Occupation: Stockbroker
Died: Toorak, Melbourne, 19 May 1947, aged 80 years, cause of death not yet discovered
Cemetery: Brighton General Cemetery, Victoria
Memorials: Inglewood War Memorial, Inglewood War Memorial, Malvern St George's Anglican Church Honour Roll
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Boer War Service

1 Oct 1899: Involvement Australian and Colonial Military Forces (Boer War / Boxer Rebellion), Captain, SN Commissioned Officer, Victorian Imperial Bushmen
1 Oct 1899: Involvement Major, 2nd Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

World War 1 Service

22 Jul 1915: Enlisted AIF WW1, Colonel, SN Officer, 8th Infantry Brigade Headquarters
10 Nov 1915: Involvement Colonel, 8th Infantry Brigade Headquarters
10 Nov 1915: Embarked Colonel, 8th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, HMAT Ascanius, Melbourne
18 Jul 1919: Involvement AIF WW1, Major General

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Biography contributed by Geoffrey Gillon

Edwin Tivey was the  fourth surviving child of Joseph Tivey, an English-born storekeeper who had arrived in Australia in 1848 at the age of 14, and his wife Margaret, née Hayes, from Tasmania. Edwin was educated at All Saints Grammar School, St Kilda, and at Wesley College, Melbourne, where he rowed bow in the second crew of 1882. 'No scholastic genius', he eschewed university to return to Inglewood as an accountant. He was commissioned lieutenant in the Inglewood detachment of the Victorian Rangers in 1889 and promoted captain in 1891. Townsfolk elected him to the Inglewood Borough Council on which he served for five years from 1894. In 1899 he became a founder and first president of the local branch of the Australian Natives' Association.

On 26 September 1906 he married Annie Bird Robb (d.1921) at the Presbyterian Church, Toorak. A captain in the new 9th Light Horse Regiment of the Victorian militia, in 1906 Tivey was appointed brigade major in the Victorian 3rd Light Horse Brigade and in 1911 as lieutenant-colonel became its commander. He received the Volunteer Officer's Decoration in 1910.

By the commencement of World War I Tivey was a successful stockbroker and temporary colonel commanding the Victorian 5th L.H.B. He was promoted colonel in January 1915 and was commandant of the officers' school at Broadmeadows. 'Of neat build, middle height, crisp appearance, he looks every inch a soldier', observed Melbourne Punch.

Tivey was appointed temporary brigadier general in February 1916 and in June his brigade left with the Australian 5th Division for France. It went into action at the battle of Fromelles and continued to fight on the Western Front until the war's end. In December 1916 Tivey was wounded in action but remained on duty. For brief periods in 1917 and 1918 he temporarily commanded the 5th Division when Major General (Sir) Talbot Hobbs was absent. Tivey was again wounded at Westhoek Ridge, Belgium, in October 1917 and was gassed in May 1918. In the great allied offensive of 8 August 1918 his brigade captured 831 prisoners and 85 machine-guns. During the war he was mentioned in dispatches six times; he was appointed C.B. in 1917 and C.M.G. in January 1919.

In May 1900 Tivey volunteered for service in South Africa and joined the Victorian 4th Imperial Continent as a captain. Tivey served widely in South Africa. When the First World War broke out, Tivey was Commanding Officer of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade, but he was not appointed to the AIF until July 1915, when he took command of the newly formed 8th Brigade, in whose recruitment he played a leading part. Tivey is mentioned in the history books , as a result of 8th Brigade deploying to the Suez Canal by train, while other units of 4th and 5th Australian Divisions marched for three days across blisteringly hot deserts. Henceforth, 8th Brigade were stigmatised as 'Tiveys Chocs', chocolate soldiers who looked good but could not take the heat. Tivey was twice wounded and gassed once during the war and was six times mentioned in despatches. Tivey returned to Australia in July 1919 where his appointment to the AIF was terminated on 16 February 1920. For his services, and the achievements of his men, on the Western Front, Tivey had been mentioned in dispatches twice during 1918 and again on 16 March 1919, bringing his total to six, and made a Companion of St Michael and St George (CMG) in the 1919 New Year's list. 

From 1920 Tivey lived in a small mansion, Nauroy, Kooyong Road, Toorak, and worshipped at nearby St John's Anglican Church. He was an honorary colonel in the Victorian mounted rifles from 1928 and, from 1932, in the Victorian 32nd Battalion.

Tivey died at his Toorak home on 19 May 1947 and was buried with full military honours by the bishop of Geelong in Brighton cemetery, Melbourne. His estate was sworn for probate at £75,303, the principal beneficiary being his daughter Violet. His son Major Edwin Peter Tivey had died as an Italian prisoner of war in 1943.