Horace Frank Charles BAKER

BAKER, Horace Frank Charles

Service Number: 2330
Enlisted: 22 March 1915, Keswick, South Australia
Last Rank: Lance Corporal
Last Unit: 10th Infantry Battalion
Born: Adelaide, South Australia, 17 March 1897
Home Town: Glenelg, Holdfast Bay, South Australia
Schooling: Not yet discovered
Occupation: Gardener
Died: Killed in Action, France, 22 August 1916, aged 19 years
Cemetery: No known grave - "Known Unto God"
No known grave, Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, Picardie, France
Memorials: Adelaide National War Memorial, Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Glenelg Uniting Church WW1 Honour Board, Glenelg and District WW1 & WW2 Honour Board, Marion District Roll of Honour WW1, Marion War Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux Memorial (Australian National Memorial - France)
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World War 1 Service

22 Mar 1915: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, 2330, 10th Infantry Battalion, Keswick, South Australia
23 Mar 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 2330, 10th Infantry Battalion, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
23 Jun 1915: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, 2330, 10th Infantry Battalion, --- :embarkation_roll: roll_number: '10' embarkation_place: Adelaide embarkation_ship: HMAT Kanowna embarkation_ship_number: A61 public_note: ''
17 Sep 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 2330, 10th Infantry Battalion, ANZAC / Gallipoli
22 Aug 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Lance Corporal, 2330, 10th Infantry Battalion, Battle for Pozières


Horace was born on 17th March, 1897, the fourth of five children to Margaret ( nee O'Connor & known as Maggie ) and Robert Baker.
Margaret and Robert's second son Edwin died in 1893 aged seven months and the youngest child, Edgar died aged fourteen in 1916, three months before Horace was killed in France.
Horace's mother Margaret died in 1902 when he was only five years old.
In contrast, his father Robert died in 1952 aged ninety, his eldest brother Arthur died in 1976 aged eighty five and his only sister, Irene in 1977 aged eighty three.
His brother Arthur also served in WW1 and was a participant in the Anzac landing at Gallipoli, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal in 1918 and was eventually discharged in October 2019 as a Regimental Sergeant Major after serving for just over five years.
In May 2012, to honour my great uncle Horace and the other Aussie diggers, I undertook a full day tour of the Somme which included Amiens, Le Hamel, Villers-Bretonneux and Pozieres. The current beauty of the countryside was a complete contrast to the conditions they would have endured during their time in the area.
I was certainly brought back to earth though, as we visited the countless cemeteries and memorials, walked through trenches and could see the changed landscape due to artillery damage.
As I had the date Horace died and his unit information, our tour guide was able to show me the exact location at Mouquet Farm where he was killed and where his remains still lay. He informed me that the French and Australian Governments had an agreement that the particular location would remain untouched due to the numerous remains and possible unexploded artillery ammunition. This was an unbelievably amazing and emotional moment as was viewing Horace's name on the Villers-Bretonneux memorial.
The other amazing occurrence was on April 23rd 2017, when channel 7 showed a brief news item as a lead up to Anzac Day. The news clip made reference to the recently discovered ' Silent soldiers of Naours ' an underground cave system in the north of France where many soldiers had inscribed their names 100 years earlier during rest breaks from the war. A couple of examples were shown including an inscription from Horace on the 13th of July 1916, approximately two months before he was killed.

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Son of Robert BAKER and Margaret nee O'CONNOR


Mr. R. Baker, of Brighton-road, New Glenelg, has been notified that his second son, Lance-Corporal H. F. C. Baker, was killed in action in France on August 22. Lance-Corporal Baker, who was 19 years of age, enlisted in March, 1915, and served on Gallipoli continuously from September until the evacuation. He proceeded to France with his battalion in March. He was well known in Glenelg and was highly respected." - from the Adelaide Advertiser 03 Oct 1916 (nla.gov.au)