John Hudson (Jack) LANGLEY DCM and Bar

Poppy

LANGLEY, John Hudson

Service Number: 3
Enlisted: 5 July 1915, Melbourne, Victoria
Last Rank: Sergeant
Last Unit: 1st Light Car Patrol (AIF)
Born: Glenferrie, Victoria, Australia , 10 April 1894
Home Town: White Hills, Bendigo, Victoria
Schooling: Trinity Grammar School, Kew, Victoria, Australia
Occupation: Electrician
Died: Malaria, Alleppo, Syria, 2 January 1919, aged 24 years
Cemetery: Beirut War Cemetery
Memorials: Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Bendigo White Hills Arch of Triumph, Castlemaine Christ Church Anglican Church Memorial Window
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World War 1 Service

5 Jul 1915: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, SN 3, Melbourne, Victoria
20 Jun 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Sergeant, SN 3, Air Line Section, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
20 Jun 1916: Embarked AIF WW1, Sergeant, SN 3, Air Line Section, HMAT Katuna, Melbourne
14 Jul 1918: Honoured Distinguished Conduct Medal
22 Sep 1918: Honoured Companion of the Distinguished Service Order and bar
2 Jan 1919: Involvement AIF WW1, Sergeant, SN 3, 1st Light Car Patrol (AIF)

Help us honour John Hudson Langley's service by contributing information, stories, and images so that they can be preserved for future generations.

Biography contributed by Jack Coyne

Sergeant John Hudson Langley SN 3 

Sergeant John Hudson (Jack) Langley is remembered by the people of White Hills. The names of the local lads who sacrificed their lives and those that were fortunate to return from the Great War are shown on the embossed copper plaques on the White Hills Arch of Triumph, at the entrance to the White Hills Botanic Gardens.

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The following Biography is written by A. J. Sweeting and was first published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, (MUP), 1983. 

Hudson John Watson Langley (1894-1919), soldier, was born on 10 April 1894 at Kew, Melbourne, son of John Hudson Keys Langley, farmer, and his wife Eda Jane, née Rosier, both native born. His parents separated during his infancy and he was raised by his aunt Louisa Elizabeth Langley.

Langley, a Bendigo electrician, enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 5 July 1915, was promoted sergeant on 1 November and in April 1916 joined the 1st Australian Armoured Car Section. This section (afterwards renamed No.1 Australian Light Car Patrol) arrived in Egypt in August and for the next eight months was mainly engaged in operations against Senussi raiding parties along a line of blockhouses extending over 100 miles (161 km) through the Libyan Desert.

The patrol arrived in Palestine in May 1917 and quickly distinguished itself in operations against the Turks, carrying out reconnaissance and other tasks, frequently well in advance of the mounted troops.

John Langley, a vigorous leader and a man of splendid physique, was conspicuous as a car commander in the battle of Beersheba and afterwards in the pursuit of the Turks along the coastal plain to Jaffa. In 1918 he took part in the advance to Jericho, and in March did good work leading a patrol on foot over rugged country to re-establish contact with the Anzac Mounted Division after the first abortive attack on Amman.

On 14 July when the enemy mounted strong attacks on the Desert Mounted Corps' positions in the Jordan valley, Langley led a patrol of two cars across the river, dismounted his two Lewis-guns and took them forward to a position commanding the approach of an enemy column. He held the fire of his guns until the enemy were within close range when he opened up with telling effect. The column's pack-horses were stampeded or killed and a duel developed between the Australian and Turkish machine-gunners. One machine-gun was captured and the enemy fled. For his 'gallantry and devotion to duty' that day, Langley was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.

Langley left the Jordan valley in September when his unit took part in the exhilarating drive of the Desert Mounted Corps along the coast to the plain of Esdraelon, to Nazareth and thence to Damascus. In October his unit was part of a mobile group of three armoured car batteries and three light car patrols which led the advance on Aleppo. On the 22nd the mobile group bested a fleet of enemy motor vehicles after a running fight — 'probably the first occasion on record of a battle between two fleets of motor vehicles'. Next day Langley, in an armoured car, pursued over very rough ground an enemy patrol which approached the mobile group's positions. His quickness and dash enabled him to kill one of the enemy and capture four. His 'determination and initiative' that day won him a Bar to his D.C.M.

According to the unit's commander, 2 January 1919 was 'a day of gloom' for the Light Car Patrol. That day Langley, 'the gallant N.C.O. who had led his car into numerous fights and who was the admiration of the whole unit', died in Aleppo Hospital from malaria. He was buried in Aleppo cemetery and afterwards reinterred in the British War Cemetery at Beirut, Lebanon. He was unmarried.

Select Bibliography

H. S. Gullett, Sinai and Palestine (Syd, 1937)

E. H. James, History of the 1st Australian Armoured Car Section in Egypt, Sinai, Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor (Australian War Memorial)

war diary, No.1 Australian Light Car Patrol (Australian War Memorial)

records (Australian War Memorial).

Citation details

A. J. Sweeting, 'Langley, Hudson John Watson (1894–1919)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/langley-hudson-john-watson-7031/text12231, published first in hardcopy 1983, accessed online 16 January 2018.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, (MUP), 1983                                                 View the front pages for Volume 9

 

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