About This Unit
4th Divisional Train
Division (and Brigade) Trains were logistic support and supply units under Command of the Division to which its numeric designator corresponded.
Without logistics there is no combat. Ammunition, food, water and equipment supply and maintenance are vital components of the combat power of an Army. It was Napoleon who first introduced a delibeate synchronised supply and maintenance system to support military campaigning.
By the First World War, the challenge had become prodigious indeed. Division Trains were a prime mechanism to ensure the Army could move and fight. The tasks of the trains and motorised columns varied. The basic tasks of train companies were to carry baggage and resupply food, forage and water for the headquarters and units of the division.
Ammunition Columns were separate entities specifically charged with moving the vast quantities of (particularly) artilley ammunition.
In addition the Train companies supported Division units with a wide variety of general tasks from providing drivers for formation headquarters and field ambulances to carting roadmaking materials and engineer stores, operating snow ploughs, using sledges to evacuate casualties through the mud, providing transport for postal deliveries, repairing unit equipment, and operating ad hoc pack transport units.
The supply columns and ammunition sub-parks, in addition to their basic tasks, hauled lumber, road metal, ordnance and postal cargo, petrol, quicklime, rails and medical comforts, as well as emergency mass medical evacuation and incidentally filling in as medical assistants at dressing stations, 1 Div Amm Sub-Park even publishing the AIF newspaper Rising Sun, later renamed Aussie.
A vetailed explanation of the roles played by the Service Corps is detailed at "Equal to the Task" (books.historia.com.au) HERE
Battle/ Campaign/ Involvement
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