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  • Military Medal Recommendation:- 'On the 31st July, 1917, near MESSINES, this N.C.O. was in charge of the bearers working between a Relay Post and a car loading point, a distance of about 4,000 yards. The area between was continually under hostile artillery fire and evacuation was partly by means of hand carriage and partly by trench trampoline. From before dawn until relieved at night, this N.C.O. was continually in the open, directing and encouraging the men under him. On three occasions he acted as a stretcher bearer, when men ran short and completed the whole journey. He showed throughout a total disregard for personal danger and a high devotion to duty. He showed all through a steady and invincible determination and displayed a capacity for leadership in extreme danger. His example was a splendid one for his men.'
  • Writing to his mother from the Ninth Training Battalion, Fovant, Wiltshire, early in February, Corporal Carl Klaus says : — I have had a pretty rough time of did not get a crack. I have been it the last 15 months in France, but turned over a lew times with concussion, but got over it alright. I've seen some rotten sights. Poor old Jack Morgan was Killed at Messines. I suppose you have heard all about that. Our Battalion was right in the thick of it. The first time I ever handled a dead man was at Messines -— I had to help a couple of other chaps to dig George Weatherstone and Jack Morgan out. The dugout was blown in on top of them. And again at Ypres poor old Harry Mallam was killed right alongside of me. I had to lift him out of the line and bury him in a shell hole, as it was too far to take him back to a cemetery. Just took his pay book and private belongings and gave them in to our platoon officer. I suppose you read about the battle of Passchendaele. We were the ring-leaders of that turnout. With the assistance of the Canadians we took the hill about a kilometre from Passchendaele, and the Canadians hopped in and took the town, so now we have nearly all the high ground in Belgium in our hands, and have Fritz in the hollow and chopping hell out of him. Have more artillery behind us now than ever they had before on the western front. In this stunt Bill Eliem was killed and Percy Fisher was wounded. I have met Paddy Lulham, Bert Daley, Stan Tyler from Wardell, and all the old lads of 1st-41st that went away to the Ninth Battalion. They were all doing well until the Ypres stunt, when Jim McDonald from Broadwater was killed, Paddy wounded, Tyler wounded, while Fitzpatrick lost his eye and is going home, and of course Don Livingstone is home long ago. Bert Daley, is still going strong, and looks splendid. I saw him a couple of days before I left France. I am likely to be in England for a six months spell from shell fire anyway, but I suppose there will be plenty work attached to it just the same. Still it will do me. They told me when I left France that they were giving me six months in this Training Battalion at Fovant. I have met Clarrie Fredericks, he is in the 8th of the 41st, and soon will be going over to France. He is training to be a signaller. I also had tho pleasure of meeting another old mate that I went to school with under Mr. Bath, that was Tom Grant from Woodburn. He is a corporal in the 25th Battalion, has been wounded twice, and now they have sent him over to the training battalion for a few months. He is in the 10th, but he is not far away from us. Writing to his brother Rupert, Corporal Klaus says : — I see where the girls are getting married. I don t know how I am going to get on when I go back, there will be none left for me, and I don't like the idea of picking one up here in England to take back like some of them are doing. Well, old Fritz could not get me with his old scrap iron, so instead of giving me fourteen days furlough in London they have sent me here to the 9th Training Battalion for six months. I have seen some rough work over there, not only in the fighting, but rotten weather conditions. Last winter was bitterly cold. All the rivers were frozen up; boats could not work at all, and in some places in Belgium I have seen a foot of snow, and had to carry on through it all backwards and forwards to the trenches, but of course we were only holding the line at that time at Armentieres. We were there about four months, and then we shifted down lower to a place called La Pisset, and from there to Messines. I suppose you have read about the battle of Messines. We were holding the line at Messines right up till the morning of the hop-over. Our brigade was not really in the hop-over, but to my idea we had worse, because we had to do all the carrying parties (after the 9th and 10th Brigades took their objectives) under heavy shell fire all the time — day and night. From there we went down to Ypres in October, and the 11th Brigade was in the battle of Passchendaele. I was right in the thick of it. That is where poor old Bill Eilem (brother of Tom of the Bee-Hive) was killed, and Harry Mallam from Bungawalbin. We had a good possy made, well sand-bagged, and were waiting for the Tommies to relieve us the night after the push, but old Fiitz must have taken a tumble that there was a relief on, and barraged hell out of us for about two hours — Harry Mallam, Ben Hall and another chap I don't know were killed outright by a shell which lobbed right on the parados of the trench. I don't know how I escaped, for I was not above two yards from them, but I was round a bend of the trench. I think what saved me was the ground being soft and the shell, did not scatter much. The three chaps that were killed were huddled up together taking shelter. When Jack Morgan and George Weatherstone were buried at Messines we had to dig them out, for the dugout was blown in on top of them. Jack did not have a mark on the outside of his body, but the concussion killed him. Weatherstone hailed from the Clarence, but we were mates from the time we left Brisbane. He was smashed to pieces.
  • 'ANZAC' insignia Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli will be entitled to wear over the Unit “Colour Patch” on both sleeves of the Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” an indication that the wearer had taken part in the operations on the Gallipoli Peninsula. - Military Order 354 of 1917 Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli or the Islands of Lemnos, Imbros and Tenedos, or who have served on transports or hospital ships at or off Gallipoli or the Islands above-named, or in AIF lines of communication Units in Egypt will be entitled to wear over their Unit “Colour Patches” on both sleeves of their Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” as an indication that the wearer had taken part in the Gallipoli operations. - Military Order 20 of 1918
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4265644
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4427798
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Australia_(D84)
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=8860342
  • http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=7365874
  • https://vwma.org.au/research/home-page-archives/mystery-of-the-black-cat
  • https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au/research/home-page-archives/corporal-frank-mclean-mm-a-proud-great-grand-daughter-honours-his-service-in-singapore
  • https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11399022
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=8076035
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=7366997
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=3460991
  • https://s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/rslvwm/comfy/cms/files/files/000/000/573/original/Lindsay_HARDY.pdf
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R1831023
  • https://vwma.org.au/research/home-page-archives/bougainville--november-1944
  • https://vwma.org.au/research/home-page-archives/mystery-of-the-black-cat
  • http://artilleryhistory.org/moments_in_history/on_this_day/1968/documents/real_story_of_fspb_coral_v7.pdf
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R1477410
  • https://aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=96685
  • https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au/research/home-page-archives/a-boer-war-story-in-pictures
  • http://classicwarbirds.net/75th-anniversary-of-the-forgotten-18th-squadron
  • http://aircrewremembered.com/parritt-geoffrey.html
  • http://466and462squadrons.com
  • /research/home-page-archives/edgar-anstey-at-isandlwana
  • http://aircrewremembered.com/page-eric.html
  • https://www.aerosteles.net/steleen-vertou-lancaster/b239
  • https://somethingverybig.com/category/gilbert-pate
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=8022428
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R2408851
  • http://www.ww2roll.gov.au/Veteran.aspx?ServiceId=A&VeteranId=675734
  • https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au/research/home-page-archives/good-news-from-home
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R2334351
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4668044&S=1&R=0
  • https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=7367826
  • https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/110595/mcdonald,-alfred/
  • https://s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/awm-media/collection/AWM2019.8.270/document/7384901.PDF
  • https://s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/awm-media/collection/RCDIG1047674/document/5635345.PDF
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R2210649
  • https://vwma.org.au/research/resource-library/the-human-cost
  • http://members.optusnet.com.au/dacoutts/Thirty_missions_John_Coutts.htm
  • /research/home-page-archives/echoes-of-remembrance
  • http://aircrewremembered.com/bennett-kenneth.html
  • http://aircrewremembered.com/langlois-eric.html
  • https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R2375592
  • https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=195655
  • http://www.saam.org.au/south-australian-airmen-of-the-great-war/
  • https://emhs.org.au/person/hall/may_isabel
  • http://www.adf-serials.com.au/2a46.htm

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