John Henry (Jack) YOUNG

YOUNG, John Henry

Service Number: 519
Enlisted: 14 September 1914
Last Rank: Corporal
Last Unit: 60th Infantry Battalion
Born: Violet Town, Victoria, Australia, 1895
Home Town: Violet Town, Strathbogie, Victoria
Schooling: Violet Town State School, Victoria, Australia
Occupation: Labourer
Died: Victoria, Australia, 20 April 1951, cause of death not yet discovered
Cemetery: Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Melbourne
Memorials: Violet Town Honour Roll WW1, Violet Town Primary School Honour Roll, Violet Town St Dunstan's Honor Roll
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World War 1 Service

14 Sep 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, 519, 14th Infantry Battalion
22 Dec 1914: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, 519, 14th Infantry Battalion, Embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses
25 Aug 1916: Transferred AIF WW1, Private, 60th Infantry Battalion
26 Feb 1917: Promoted AIF WW1, Corporal, 60th Infantry Battalion
19 Sep 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Corporal, 519, 60th Infantry Battalion

Soldiers of the King - Submitted by Shirley Beaumont

No holiday camp is that at Broadmeadows, where six thousand of Victoria's young men are daily drilling and becoming inured to the hardships attendant on "the tented field," preparatory to sailing overseas to help uphold the empire flag.
The times are stressful - never more so in the World's history. Great Britain is engaged in a supreme test at the hands of the military machine that has held Europe in thraldom during the past quarter of a century.
Germany has bent every energy and all the resources of an advanced civilisation, to the work of creating a murder-machine pre-eminent in its terrible efficiency.
Yet, when it is said that Germany has done so, we probably libel its millions of peace-loving and admirable citizens-for the average German does not want war. He realises too intensely what it means for himself and others.
The trouble is that the ruling classes, lacking the instinct of the British to grasp the true principles of government, have taken the god of force as their ideal, and have steadily inoculated the nation with the notion that patriotism and duty call for continuous sacrifices to the end that, when "the day" arrived for Germany to dictate her wishes to the world, other peoples should know that those wishes were commands, to be enforced by the mailed fist if necessary.
France, Russia, Great Britain, Belgium, Japan, America, have all been threatened and humiliated in turn, by the knot of military despots who now are using the German war machine with such terrible results to the poor wretches of German peasantry, who are forced by the military laws to march to their doom under the black eagles.
At the fearful cost of over 200,000 men, the German war engine has been thrust, into France, and many thousands of French, Belgian and British soldiers have laid down their lives to save civilisation - to save the world from being dragged at the heels of Kaiserdom.
The Broadmeadows camp is a typical centre where an Australian protest is being prepared, to be presented presently with rifle and bayonet-point; with the pluck and sinew "of a people born of the sunshine of the south, whose nostrils have never drawn other than the breath of freedom, whose blood-canals carry centuries of pioneering civilisation.
These men have sprung forward at the empire call, and are grimly preparing for men's work.
Many of them are boys in years and light-heartedness, but the man-mark is already upon them, as they settle down to the intricacies of drill with oneness of purpose that bespeaks recognition of a stern time ahead, and a resolution that the shock of battle shall find them, at least, fitted to do their best to uphold everything that Britishers mean when the Union Jack is raised aloft.
On Sunday the camp was open to visitors, and the roads leading to Broadmeadows were white with dust and black with conveyances of all kinds, from motor car to banana truck, while thousands of people travelled by train.
Every tent had its quota of friends and relatives, and photographers were busy "snapping" groups of soldiers and friends, pictures that may carry strange histories and memories later on.
At not a few of the tents were to be seen wives with children in arms; in others the husband tossing his little ones in the air in-perhaps a final spasm of home-life enjoyment.
There was little or no foolish laughter among even the groups of merry girls and boys, for the shadow of war was upon all, and a realisation of what that means was apparent even in the most feather-headed.
Despite the number of visitors, routine work went on as usual; squads of men marched with fixed bayonet to change guards; others were stationed between the tent lines, confining the general traffic to main avenues, and on all sides discipline was in evidence.
At 5 p.m. precisely, all visitors were excluded, and the men went to supper, and early to bed, to be prepared for a strenuous day from dawn till dark on the morrow.
The lads are being allowed to visit their home-towns (where, in the majority of instances, they are being publicly "farewelled ) and, later, will tranship for England, whither their future will be followed with the utmost interest by the whole Commonwealth.
"Cooee!"-Britain calling
Children o'er the sea!
Austral sons, responding,
Answer cheerily.

"Cooee!"-Sons of Britain,
Hear the Mother-call!
Guard the frontier, brothers,
Empire-builders all!

"Cooee!"-Let the echo
Round our sea-set isle
Stir the blood, as units
Form in rank and file!

"Cooee!"-Men and brethren,
Up! as springs the stag!
Write your empire-story!
Men, defend the flag!

Violet Town Sentinel, Tuesday 15 September 1914

Submitted by Shirley Beaumont


Honoring the Volunteers: A Successful Farewell Function - Submitted by Shirley Beaumont.

A most enthusiastic gathering was that which met at the Mechanics' Institute on Monday last to do honor, and say farewell, to the local soldier boys who are going with the Australian Expeditionary Force to Europe, the hall being crowded. The volunteers present were - Ptes J. Underwood, J. and W. Stevenson and T. Hancock. The other Violet Town representatives were unable to obtain sufficient leave. Proceedings opened with "God Save the King." Cr Johnston Wilson (in the absence of the shire president) occupied the chair, and after referring to their pluck in offering to brave the trials and difficulties of a soldiers life, concluded with words of encouragement to the volunteers.
Mr MacDonald referred to the fine physique of the troops in the camp at Broadmeadows and thought that Violet Town representatives heId their own in that matter. He spoke of the reverses of fortune which must at times be met by the British arms and the Allies, but said there was no occasion for despondency, and they must look forward to the hour of victory, knowing that it must ultimately come. He also expressed sympathy with, the naturalized Germans in the Empire, and referred to the necessity of the British people extending courteous treatment to them, for they were not in the least responsible for the war nor were the German people for that matter, but it was the actions of that military autocrat, the Kaiser, that had brought it about. In concluding he complimented the local lads on their action, and the devotion to the Empire shown by them and others was commendable. The unity of the Empire was thorough, and more men would be sent if necessary, (applause).
Cr. Wilton said he had a presentation to make on behalf of the people of Violet Town, to the local volunteers, but unfortunately the presents (a fountain pen each) had not arrived, but they would receive them before they went back. The people, of Violet Town would watch with interest the movements of their representatives; and would be pleased to hear from them from time to time. They greatly appreciated the spirit that had prompted them to offer their services in the Empire's cause.
On behalf of the Vestry of the Church of England, Rev. D. McEachern presented to each volunteer, a copy of the church Prayer Book, suitably inscribed, and also one for the absent ones, Ptes Miles, Will Rea, and Jack Hoskin (Australian Navy). In the course of his remarks the Rev. gentleman said he was sure the Australian forces would give a good account of themselves.
Mr. Carter, on behalf of the local Oddfellows, presented Pte. Stevenson. with a tobacco pouch;. He urged them not to forget British traditions and to carry themselves as the men of old, with chivalry to the wounded, and to women and children.
Interspersed amongst the addresses were musical items by Messrs F. "Wallace, J. Kelly, T. Hoskin, Stow and Slee the accompaniments being played by Miss Connell and Mr. Harcourt.
This portion of the programme concluded as the '"boys" marched off the platform to the strains of "They are jolly good fellows," after they had received "marching orders" from the chairman.
Dancing was then indulged in till the small hours by a large number of the young people, and one of the most successful functions ever held in Violet Town concluded with "God Save the King."
The ladies, who worked indefatigably towards the success of the evening, and are deserving of whole hearted praise, provided ample and dainty refreshments. It would be invidious to mention names, as the enthusiasm displayed by all was remarkable.
The secretaries Messrs G Neil and C. Croxford are to be commended on the thoroughness of their arrangements, and special mention should also be made of the assistance given them by Messrs Croxford and A. Shaw.
The social a credit balance of £3/15/ which will go to the Patriotic Fund.
A large crowd attended at the railway station on Tuesday last, when the boys departed and they were given hearty cheers as the train drew out. Prior to the social on Monday the members of the local A.N. A. met in the lodge room, and presented a pipe each to the departing members J. Underwood and T. Hancock.

Violet Town Sentinel, Tuesday 15 September 1914

Submitted by Shirley Beaumont.

Showing 2 of 2 stories

Biography contributed by Elsa Reuter

YOUNG John Henry 519 CPL
60th Battalion
John Henry Young was born at Violet in 1895 to parents James Daniel Young and his wife Mary. He was the eldest of five children, Violet, William, Esther and Bertie.

John was only 19 years old when he enlisted on 2 September 1914, not long after war was declared. He was assigned to the 14th Battalion, which together with the 13th. 15th  and 16th Battalions became the 4th Brigade  commanded by Colonel John Monash. After three months of training, turning civilians into soldiers he embarked from Melbourne on 22 December on HMAT Ulysses bound for Egypt.  Arriving in Egypt on 1 January 1915, there followed intensive training, preparing the troops for warfare on Gallipoli where they landed on 26 April. The 14th Battalion fought mainly at Monash Valley.

During the following months John suffered from bouts of gastroenteritis which necessitated hospitalisation at the 1st AGH at Heliopolis until the end of October. He then re-joined his unit at Durant’s Post west of Chunuk Bair. After the evacuation of Gallipoli the battalion returned to Egypt.   At this time John endured several bouts of illness, including appendicitis.

In May 1916 he was transferred to the Cyclist Corp at Tel-el-Kebir; the following September he embarked from Alexandria to Marseilles and thence to Etaples where he was transferred to the 60th Battalion.  In August he was promoted to TCPL and the following February to CPL. Between March and October 1917 John spent time in England being hospitalised twice with scabies and then attending a bombing command school at Hurdcott.

In November he attended the Southern Command Bombing School at Lyndhurst and qualified as Instructor or Assistant Instructor. In the following January he re-joined his unit in France, had two week’s leave in Paris and reported to the School of Musketry at Codford, England. He remained there until his return to Australia in November 1918 aboard the Submarine Guard Ararua.

John was discharged in January 1919.

A report in the Violet Town Sentinel in December 1918 describes John’s home coming.  ‘A telegram informing Violet Town residents that John Henry Young was arriving home in the evening was occasion enough for the residents to welcome home a son from the war  . . . the townsfolk lay in hiding as the train pulled into the railway station, and when it had departed, a lone figure in uniform was seen looking expectantly into the night looking for family and friends. Seeing no one in sight he then threw his duffle bag down onto the rail tracks, hopped down from the station picked up his bag and proceeded to walk into the town’s main street. At a given signal lights were lit and the Violet Town Brass Band swung into action from their hiding place, playing a rousing marching song. Children swarmed around John Henry and he gave his bag to the eager children and proudly marched down the main street with the band and towns folk all falling in behind him, a dance was held in the local hall to celebrate his safe return. Mick McKellar said they were all so proud of him as he looked so fit and smart in his uniform.’

In 1920 John married Olive Jessie Stolz from Benalla. They had a daughter Olive Claire in 1920 and an adopted son Norman Clive born in 1934.

In 1921 the little family lived in Green Street Richmond where John, according to the electoral rolls, had a job as a tramway employee. They had several house moves, ending up in Berry Street, staying at this address until 1951 when John died at the age of 56. He was cremated at the Springvale Crematorium.

Service medals: 1914-15 Star     British War Medal    Victory Medal

Memorials: Main Honour Board, Memorial Hall, Violet Town
                   St Dunstan’s Anglican Church, Violet Town
                   Violet Town State School Honour Board

Tree no 40, a Grevillea robusta - Silky Oak -  was planted in 1917 by Mr J Smith. It was still standing in 2013 and was tended by G and J Young.

© 2016 Sheila Burnell

Sheila would like to thank John Henry Young's niece, Shirley Steans Beaumont, and granddaughter, Laraine Collins, for their generous contributions of photographs and family information.