About This Unit
The 14th Battalion was raised at Broadmeadows camp north of Melbourne, its recruits being mainly of Victorian origin. It became part of the 4th Brigade commanded by then Colonel Monash, which was duly allocated to the NZA Division commanded by General Godley, under which designation it served at Gallipoli. The NZA Division eventually comprised the NZ Brigade the NZ Mounted Rifles Brigade and the Australian 4th Brigade (commanded by then Colonel Monash), and the 1st LH Brigade.
After the evacuation of ANZAC, Monash's 4th Brigade and its constituent Battalions including the 14th, was used to form the basis of the new 4th Division. The 4th Brigade spawned a new Brigade, the 12th, when the AIF was' doubled' in Egypt in April 1916 by providing half its experienced officers NCO and men to form the new units, which were then supplemented with reinforcements.
The 14th spawned the 46th Battalion which as part of the 12th Brigade, also became part of the 4th Division.
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