Percy Wellesley CHAPMAN MC

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CHAPMAN, Percy Wellesley

Service Number: 1008
Enlisted: 9 March 1915, Liverpool, New South Wales
Last Rank: Captain
Last Unit: 55th Infantry Battalion
Born: Glenn Innes, New South Wales, December 1886
Home Town: Goulburn, Goulburn Mulwaree, New South Wales
Schooling: Wolaroi House, Orange, The Armidale School, Hawkesbury College
Occupation: Student
Died: Killed in Action, Bernafay Wood, France, 12 March 1917
Cemetery: Bernafay Wood British Cemetery, Montauban
Row J, Grave 42
Memorials: Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Richmond University of Western Sydney WW1 Memorial
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World War 1 Service

9 Mar 1915: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, SN 1008, Liverpool, New South Wales
28 Jun 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 1008, 1st Light Horse Regiment, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
28 Jun 1915: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, SN 1008, 1st Light Horse Regiment, HMAT Clan MacEwen, Sydney
12 Jan 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 1008, 1st Infantry Battalion
28 Jan 1916: Promoted AIF WW1, Second Lieutenant, 3rd Infantry Battalion, Tel-el-Kebir
13 Feb 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Second Lieutenant, 55th Infantry Battalion
16 Jul 1916: Promoted AIF WW1, Lieutenant, 55th Infantry Battalion
20 Jul 1916: Honoured Military Cross, Fromelles (Fleurbaix)
11 Nov 1916: Promoted AIF WW1, Captain, 55th Infantry Battalion
12 Mar 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Captain, 55th Infantry Battalion, German Withdrawal to Hindenburg Line and Outpost Villages

Capt Percy Wellesley CHAPMAN MC

From: In Remembrance: Hungerford and Associated Families in the Great War 1914-1918

Capt Percy Wellesley CHAPMAN MC

Regimental Number: 1008
Unit Name on Enlistment: 1st Light Horse Regiment, 6th Reinforcement

Religion: Church of England
Occupation: Student
Address: South Hill, Goulburn, NSW
Age at Enlistment: 28 years and 3 months
Enlistment Date and Place: 9 March 1915, Liverpool, NSW
Next of Kin: Father, Archibald Wellesley Chapman, South Hill, Goulburn, NSW
Rank on Enlistment: Private
Embarkation Details: Unit embarked from Sydney, NSW, on board HMAT A65 Clan McEwen, on 28 June 1915. He travelled on the same ship and the same day as George William Johnston (E.7.5a.2b=).
Rank from Nominal Roll: Captain
Unit from Nominal Roll: 55th Battalion
Campaigns Served: Gallipoli; France
War Service: He left Australia as a trooper with the 6th Reinforcement of 1st Light Horse Regiment in June 1915; served in Gallipoli for 8 weeks, and was recommended for commission. Reached France as 2nd Lieutenant in 55th Battalion June 1916. Awarded the Military Cross at Battle of Fleurbaix (battle now known as Fromelles); wounded October 1916; reached the front again December 1916, and made Captain on his return. Percy was reported missing 12 March 1917 in the advance to Bapaume, France. His body was found 3 days later near German lines.
Promotions: 2nd Lieutenant Unit INF 55, 28 January 1916; Lieutenant Unit INF 55, 16 July 1916
Fate: Killed in Action, 12 March 1917
Place of Death: Near Bapaume, France. The position of the town of Bapaume is a crossing point between Artois and the plains of Flanders on the one hand and the valley of the Somme and the Paris basin on the other. At the beginning of 1917 victory seemed nowhere in sight. However for a while, from late February, hopes were lifted. Along the Somme front line and elsewhere, the Germans began to withdraw several kilometres to their newly-developed defensive zone which the British dubbed 'the Hindenburg Line'. This apparent retreat was a tonic for the allies who advanced in pursuit. But it was an illusion; the Germans were just staging a voluntary withdrawal to stronger and better prepared positions. It was against these solid defenses at a point near the village of Bullecourt that four Australian divisions, one after the other, were thrown during April and May 1917.
Place of Burial: Bernafay Wood, British Cemetery, Montauban, France. Row J, Grave 42
Medals/Citations: Military Cross;
1914/15 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal
Citation for Military Cross: 'For conspicuous gallantry during an action. He repeatedly led bombing attacks along the enemy's trenches and fought them back long enough to enable many of our wounded to reach safety'. Source: Commonwealth Gazette No. 184, (Date: 14 December 1916). His father received his effects 11 May 1918, Victory Medal 24 January 1923, and Memorial Plaque 12 December 1923.

War Memorial/Honour Roll: Panel Number Roll of Honour Australian War Memorial -160; Goulburn World War I Memorial Tower and Honour Roll, Memorial Road, Goulburn, NSW

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Biography contributed by Elizabeth Allen

Percy Wellesley CHAPMAN was born in Glen Innes, New South Wales in 1886

His parents were Archibald Wellesley CHAPMAN & Gertrude Elizaeth SPASSHATT who married in NSW in 1884 (registered in Armidale)

He was killed in action in France on 12th March, 1917 and is buried in the Bernafay Wood British Cemetery and his name is memorialised on the Australian War Memorial

Inscription on his headstone reads "OUR BELOVED SON"