Sir John MONASH GCMG, KCB, VD

MONASH, John

Service Numbers: Officer, Commissioned Officer
Enlisted: 19 September 1914, Melbourne, Victoria
Last Rank: Lieutenant General
Last Unit: Australian Corps Headquarters
Born: West Melbourne, Victoria, 27 June 1865
Home Town: Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria
Schooling: St Stephen's School Richmond, Jerilderie Public School, Scotch College, University of Melbourne
Occupation: Civil engineer and Soldier
Died: Coronary Vascular Disease , Iona, Victoria, Australia, 8 October 1931, aged 66 years
Cemetery: Brighton General Cemetery, Victoria
Jewish F Grave 20 MEMORIAL ID 89221630
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World War 1 Service

19 Sep 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, Melbourne, Victoria
22 Dec 1914: Involvement AIF WW1, Colonel, SN Officer, 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
22 Dec 1914: Embarked AIF WW1, Colonel, SN Officer, 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, HMAT Ulysses, Melbourne
26 Apr 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Colonel, 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli
1 Jul 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Brigadier General, 4th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli
15 Jul 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Major General, 3rd Division Headquarters
7 Jul 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Major General, 3rd Division Headquarters, Messines
31 Jul 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Major General, 3rd Division Headquarters, Third Ypres
4 Oct 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Major General, 3rd Division Headquarters, Broodseinde Ridge
1 Jun 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, Australian Corps Headquarters, "Peaceful Penetration - Low-Cost, High-Gain Tactics on the Western Front"
1 Jun 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, Australian Corps Headquarters
4 Jul 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, Australian Corps Headquarters, Le Hamel - Blueprint for Victory
8 Aug 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, Australian Corps Headquarters, "The Last Hundred Days"
30 Aug 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, Australian Corps Headquarters, Mont St Quentin / Peronne
28 Sep 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lieutenant General, SN Commissioned Officer, Australian Corps Headquarters, Breaching the Hindenburg Line - Cambrai / St Quentin Canal

Sir John Monash Research

Sir John Monash

Sir John Monash was born on the 27th of June 1865 in West Melbourne. John was born to his father Louis Monash and his mother Bertha Manasse. John Monash was an only child. The family moved to Jerilderie New South Wales when he was 9 years old. He attended St Stephens church England school. This was a public school where they recognized his high IQ. When he moved back to Melbourne he enrolled in Scotch College after finishing school. John studied the arts and engineering.

When he was 19 he joined the 4th battalion which was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. His service number is 52. Johns rank was a General. During the First World War the battalion formed part of the first Brigade. The battalion fought in Gallipoli and in the trenches at the western front before being disbanded in 1919.

John was 24 when he left war and became a Civil engineer. John got married in 1891 to Hannah Victoria Moss. In 1893 John and Hannah became proud parents of a baby girl named Bertha.

Britain declared war on Germany in 1914. Australia was automatically at war. This is because Australia was a part of the British empire so they wanted to protect it.
The Gallipoli trenches would have been an awful place for most soldiers the endless noise, disease, death of mate’s, lack of rest and awful food added to the awful conditions.

John died on the 8th of October 1931 aged 66 from heart disease
conditions.

We learn about the Anzacs to show respect for all they have done for our country.

By Chaniqua from Glossop High, School South Australia





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The Town of Monash - Riverland South Australia

The Town of Monash

Monash is a town in the Riverland area of South Australia. Monash was proclaimed in 1921 and is named after General Sir John Monash. The town is on the Sturt Highway between Barmera and Renmark.

At the 2006 census, Monash had a population of 1,115.
1918: Australians in France - General Sir John Monash

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Biography contributed by Aberfoyle Park High School

Sir John Monash GCMB, KCB, VD (1865-1931)

Arguably one of (and some would say THE) the best General/s of the First World War, Sir John Monash had a background as a militia engineer officer.  He commanded the 4th Brigade at Gallipoli, the 3rd Division on its formation and was appointed to command the Australian Corps in May 1918.   Renowned for detailed planning and attention to minor detail, his military fortunes improved as he ascended the chain of command. Innovative tactics applied by him in the conduct of the battle of Le Hamel on 4 July 1918, introduced what are known in more recent times as Combined Arms tactics.  This created the template for the conduct of the "Last Hundred Days" campaign by the British and Commonwealth Armies  which effectively led to the Armistice on 11 November 1918. As a child he was a very intelligent individual, and grew up to apply this intellect to his war plans. 

Sir John Monash has had numerous biographies written of him so it is not the intent of this site to repeat what has already been done in great detail and to good effect elsewhere.

There are two key biographies that the reader may wish to access:

Australian Dictionary of Biography by Geoffrey Serle 1986 HERE (adb.anu.edu.au)

Monash University authorised biography HERE (www.monash.edu.au)

National Library of Australia  - TROVE  - Newspapers, articles, photgraphs, records, books

Australian War Memorial Honours and Awards  - Monash J

For further reading please click on the links in the sidebar to the left of this page

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