Frank Andrew SWANSON


SWANSON, Frank Andrew

Service Numbers: SX11951, T27329
Enlisted: 24 March 1941
Last Rank: Private
Last Unit: 2nd/3rd Machine Gun Battalion
Born: Bowmans, South Australia, 16 December 1906
Home Town: Bowmans, Wakefield, South Australia
Schooling: Bowmans Public School
Occupation: Farmer
Died: Died of Illness (POW of Japan), Camp 2, Pakan Banoe, Sumatra, Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies, 24 July 1945, aged 38 years
Cemetery: Jakarta War Cemetery, Indonesia
Plot 19, Row F Section 2, Jakarta War Cemetery, Jakarta, Indonesia
Memorials: Adelaide WW2 Wall of Remembrance, Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Balaklava WW1 & WW2 Honour Roll, Ballarat Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial, Port Wakefield Bowmans Methodist Church & District WW2 Roll of Honour, Port Wakefield Roll of Honour WW2
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World War 2 Service

24 Mar 1941: Enlisted Australian Military Forces (Army WW2), Private, SN SX11951
24 Mar 1941: Enlisted Private, SN SX11951, Wayville, South Australia
25 Mar 1941: Involvement SN T27329
25 Mar 1941: Involvement Private, SN SX11951
3 Sep 1941: Embarked Private, SN SX11951, 2nd/3rd Machine Gun Battalion
7 Mar 1942: Imprisoned Australia's Northern Periphery, "Blackforce" Captured in Batavia, Sumatra - later transfered to Pakan Baroe, Sumatra
24 Jul 1945: Involvement Private, SN SX11951, 2nd/3rd Machine Gun Battalion, Prisoners of War

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Biography contributed by Margo Barr

Battle of Java (1942)

"The Battle of Java (Invasion of Java, Operation J) was a battle of the Pacific theatre of World War II. It occurred on the island of Java from 28 February – 12 March 1942. It involved forces from the Empire of Japan, which invaded on 28 February 1942, and Allied personnel. Allied commanders signed a formal surrender at Japanese headquarters at Bandung on 12 March.

The Australian formation — named "Blackforce" after its commander, Brigadier Arthur Blackburn V.C. — included the Australian 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion, the Australian 2/2nd Pioneer Battalion, a company from the Royal Australian Engineers, a platoon from the 2/1st Headquarters Guard Battalion,[9] about 100 reinforcements diverted en route to Singapore, a handful of soldiers who had escaped from Singapore following its fall to the Japanese, two transport companies, a casualty clearing station, and a company headquarters unit. Blackburn decided to re-organise his troops as an infantry brigade. They were well equipped in terms of Bren guns, light armoured cars, and trucks, but they had few rifles, sub-machine guns, anti-tank rifles, mortars, grenades, radio equipment or Bren gun carriers. Blackburn managed to assemble an HQ staff and three infantry battalions based on the 2/3rd Machine Gun, the 2/2nd Pioneers, and a mixed "Reserve Group". - SOURCE (