Phillip DAVEY VC, MM

DAVEY, Phillip

Service Number: 1327
Enlisted: 22 December 1914, Oaklands, South Australia
Last Rank: Corporal
Last Unit: 10th Infantry Battalion
Born: Unley, South Australia, 10 October 1896
Home Town: Exeter, Port Adelaide Enfield, South Australia
Schooling: Flinders Street Model School & Goodwood Public School
Occupation: Horse driver
Died: Natural Causes (heart attack), Repat Hospital, Springbank, South Australia, 21 December 1953, aged 57 years
Cemetery: AIF Cemetery, West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide
Section: Kendrew Oval; Row Number: 7; Site Number: 58
Memorials: Adelaide B1 Torrens Training Depot*, Adelaide HB09 South Australian Railways - Adelaide Railway Station*, Adelaide MG3e* North Terrace Sesquecentenary Pavement Plaques WW 1 VC Winners, Goodwood HB1 Goodwood Primary School*
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World War 1 Service

22 Dec 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, SN 1327, Oaklands, South Australia
2 Feb 1915: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion,

--- :embarkation_roll: roll_number: '10' embarkation_place: Melbourne embarkation_ship: HMAT Clan McGillivray embarkation_ship_number: A46 public_note: ''

25 Apr 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, ANZAC Gallipoli
27 Jun 1916: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, Re-embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT Barambah A3 with the 10th Battalion's 18th reinforcements
22 Sep 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, Mouquet Farm
4 Nov 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, Flers/Gueudecourt
15 Mar 1917: Wounded German Withdrawal to Hindenburg Line and Outpost Villages, Accidental - bomb wound left hand
9 May 1917: Promoted AIF WW1, Lance Corporal, 10th Infantry Battalion
26 Aug 1917: Involvement AIF WW1, Lance Corporal, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, Third Ypres
3 Oct 1917: Wounded Third Ypres, Wounded (2nd time) in action - gassed - Belgium - to 17 Casualty Clearing Station 4/10/1917 to 11th General Hospital 11/10/1917 to No.6 C Depot, Damies Camiers 13/10/1917 joined ADBD, Havre, France
3 Jan 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Lance Corporal, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion
3 Jan 1918: Honoured Military Medal, For his actions in retrieving a wounded comrade from no-man's land under heavy fire. See link in sidebar
24 Apr 1918: Promoted AIF WW1, Corporal, 10th Infantry Battalion, Transferred to permanent cadre Overseas Training Brigade Tidworth UK
28 May 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Corporal, SN 1327, 10th Infantry Battalion, Merris (France)
28 Jun 1918: Honoured Victoria Cross, Merris (France), For his actions at Merris after his Platoon Commander and a number of others were killed. He killed the crew of the machine gun and then turned the gun on advancing German troops 'saving his platoon from annihilation'. Severely wounded as a result. See link in sidebar
28 Jun 1918: Wounded Merris (France), 3rd time - severe resulting in repatriation to Australia.
24 Feb 1919: Discharged AIF WW1
Date unknown: Involvement 10th Infantry Battalion, Pozières

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Biography contributed by Joshua Megaw

Phillip Davey VC, MM (1896-1953)

Australian Dictionary of Biography article HERE (adb.anu.edu.au)

Phillip Davey (1896-1953), railwayman and soldier, was born on 10 October 1896 at Unley, South Australia, son of William George Davey, carpenter, and his wife Elizabeth, née O'Neill. Educated at Flinders Street Model School and Goodwood Public School, he worked as a horse-driver at the time of his enlistment in the Australian Imperial Force at Morphettville on 22 December 1914.

Davey embarked on 2 February 1915 at Melbourne with the 10th Battalion's 2nd reinforcements and proceeded to Egypt and Lemnos prior to the attack on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. He was present at the landing and took part in four days of heavy fighting which followed. He was engaged in the subsequent trench fighting until eventually invalided from the peninsula with enteric fever. After treatment at the 1st Australian General Hospital at Heliopolis, Egypt, he returned to Australia in January 1916. On 27 June Davey re-embarked with the 10th Battalion's 18th reinforcements and proceeded to England. He joined his battalion in France in September just before it moved into the line at Hill 60 in the Ypres sector. He was accidentally wounded on 15 March 1917 and was gassed on 3 October.

At Warneton, Belgium, in the Messines sector on 3 January 1918, Davey gained the Military Medal for crawling into no man's land under heavy fire to rescue a badly wounded comrade. His brother Claude, serving in the same battalion, had received the same award the previous year, only three months before he was killed in action at Bullecourt in 1917. Another brother, Richard, was also awarded it.

Davey was promoted corporal on 24 April 1918. He took part in an attack on enemy positions at Merris, France, on 28 June. His platoon came under heavy fire and the commander was killed. Survivors were forced to shelter in a ditch under almost point-blank fire from a German machine-gun. Davey then made a single-handed attack on the enemy post until forced to return to his own position for more hand-grenades; attacking again, he killed the crew and captured the gun. He then mounted the machine-gun in a new post and efficiently used it during a counter-attack until he was wounded. For his bravery and determination in this action he was awarded the Victoria Cross. Davey's wounds were severe and he was invalided to hospital at Weymouth, England. On 19 October he embarked for return to Australia where he was discharged from the A.I.F. on 24 February next year.

After the war Davey had three separate periods of employment as a labourer and linesman with the South Australian Railways: from 27 April 1926 to 4 October 1938; from 6 March 1939 to 12 February 1942; and from 17 December 1943 to 22 February 1946. He married Eugene Agnes Tomlinson on 25 August 1928, they had no children. He suffered from bronchitis and emphysema for years before his death from a coronary occlusion at the Repatriation General Hospital, Springbank, on 21 December 1953. He was buried with full military honours in the A.I.F. Garden of Memorial cemetery, West Terrace, Adelaide.

Citation details

Peter Burness, 'Davey, Phillip (1896–1953)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/davey-phillip-5892/text10029, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 13 March 2015.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, (MUP), 1981

 

 

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Biography

Phillip Davey VC, MM (1896-1953)

Australian Dictionary of Biography article HERE (adb.anu.edu.au)

Phillip Davey (1896-1953), railwayman and soldier, was born on 10 October 1896 at Unley, South Australia, son of William George Davey, carpenter, and his wife Elizabeth, née O'Neill. Educated at Flinders Street Model School and Goodwood Public School, he worked as a horse-driver at the time of his enlistment in the Australian Imperial Force at Morphettville on 22 December 1914.

Davey embarked on 2 February 1915 at Melbourne with the 10th Battalion's 2nd reinforcements and proceeded to Egypt and Lemnos prior to the attack on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. He was present at the landing and took part in four days of heavy fighting which followed. He was engaged in the subsequent trench fighting until eventually invalided from the peninsula with enteric fever. After treatment at the 1st Australian General Hospital at Heliopolis, Egypt, he returned to Australia in January 1916. On 27 June Davey re-embarked with the 10th Battalion's 18th reinforcements and proceeded to England. He joined his battalion in France in September just before it moved into the line at Hill 60 in the Ypres sector. He was accidentally wounded on 15 March 1917 and was gassed on 3 October.

At Warneton, Belgium, in the Messines sector on 3 January 1918, Davey gained the Military Medal for crawling into no man's land under heavy fire to rescue a badly wounded comrade. His brother Claude, serving in the same battalion, had received the same award the previous year, only three months before he was killed in action at Bullecourt in 1917. Another brother, Richard, was also awarded it.

Davey was promoted corporal on 24 April 1918. He took part in an attack on enemy positions at Merris, France, on 28 June. His platoon came under heavy fire and the commander was killed. Survivors were forced to shelter in a ditch under almost point-blank fire from a German machine-gun. Davey then made a single-handed attack on the enemy post until forced to return to his own position for more hand-grenades; attacking again, he killed the crew and captured the gun. He then mounted the machine-gun in a new post and efficiently used it during a counter-attack until he was wounded. For his bravery and determination in this action he was awarded the Victoria Cross. Davey's wounds were severe and he was invalided to hospital at Weymouth, England. On 19 October he embarked for return to Australia where he was discharged from the A.I.F. on 24 February next year.

After the war Davey had three separate periods of employment as a labourer and linesman with the South Australian Railways: from 27 April 1926 to 4 October 1938; from 6 March 1939 to 12 February 1942; and from 17 December 1943 to 22 February 1946. He married Eugene Agnes Tomlinson on 25 August 1928, they had no children. He suffered from bronchitis and emphysema for years before his death from a coronary occlusion at the Repatriation General Hospital, Springbank, on 21 December 1953. He was buried with full military honours in the A.I.F. Garden of Memorial cemetery, West Terrace, Adelaide.

Citation details

Peter Burness, 'Davey, Phillip (1896–1953)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/davey-phillip-5892/text10029, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 13 March 2015.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, (MUP), 1981

 

Father  William George Davey, carpenter, and Mother Elizabeth (nee O'Neill) who lived at Dunn Street, Semaphore).

Prior to enlisting he lived at King Street, Exeter, South Australia.

Four brothers - (3 in the 10th Battalion with Phillip and 1 in 23rd Battalion):

#1456    Corporal Claude Davey (MM)     (b. 25/8/1895  Unley, SA)
              19 years, single, Bricklayer, Enlisted 15/12/1914
              received MM 3 months before he was killed in action at Bullecourt - 6/5/1917
              commemorated at Villers-Bretonneux Memorial
          
#299      Lance Corporal Joseph Davey     (b. 31/12/1898  Kent Town, SA)
              19 years, single, Plumber, Enlisted 21/1/1915
              Embarked 31/5/1915 from Adelaide on  HMAT Geelong A2 with the 27th Battalion.  Later transferred to the 10th battalion

              Returned to Australia  12/5/1918

#2587    Sergeant Richard Davey (MM and a French Distinction)  (b. 19/3/1894 Unley, SA)
              22yrs, single, Stockman, Enlisted 12/4/1915
              Embarked 23/6/1915 from Adelaide on HMAT Kanowna A61
              Returned to Australia  11/10/1918

#3813    Acting Corporal Arthur George Davey   (b. 9/1/1891 Eastwood SA)
              24 years; married (Alice Davey of 236 A'Beckett Street, Melbourne, VIC)
              Plumber;  Enlisted 29/6/1915
              Embarked 8/2/1916 from Melbourne on board HMAT A69 Warilda
              Returned to Australia 13/3/1918

Phillip Davey Timeline


First enlisted:- Described as  19 years old, single; 5’ 9 ½” tall; 150 lbs; fair complexion;
                        grey eyes; fair hair; Roman Catholic.

22/12/1914       Enlisted at Oaklands
                         Commanding Officer appointed Phillip to Morphettville Camp
                         2nd reinforcements, 10th Infantry Battalion

2/2/1915           Embarked from Melbourne on  HMAT Clan McGillivray A46
                         Private,  2nd reinforcements, 10th Infantry Battalion

2/3/1915           Embarked on HMS Ionian to join MEF Mediterranean Expeditionary Forces
                         Gallipoli, ex Alexandria

27/10/1915        Sick (diarrhoea) to hospital – ANZAC

2/11/1915           Sick (pyrexia) – admitted ANZAC, transferred to hospital ship Nevasa
7/11/1915           Arrived at Alexandria
8/11/1915           Enteric Fever (typhoid) – admitted from sick convoy, Alexandria
                          transferred to No. 2 Australian General Hospital, Cairo
15/11/1915         Admitted to No.19 General Hospital, Alexandria
28/12/1915         transferred to convalescent camp, Port Said, Egypt

21/1/1916          Embarked at Suez, Egypt on board HS Commonwealth for return to Australia

27/6/1916          Davey re-embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT Barambah A3 with the 10th Battalion's 18th reinforcements

25/8/1916          Disembarked into Plymouth, England. Joined his unit in September.

9/11/1916          Sick in the field, sent to hospital in France
6/12/1916          Rejoined unit in the field

15/3/1917          Accidentally wounded - bomb wound left hand

9/5/1917            Appointed Lance Corporal, France

29/7/1917          Sick to hospital
26/8/1917          Rejoined unit in the field, France

3/10/1917          Wounded (2nd time) in action - gassed - Belgium - to 17 Casualty Clearing Station
4/10/1917          to 11th General Hospital
11/10/1917        to No.6 C Depot, Damies Camiers
13/10/1917        joined ADBD, Havre, France

1/11/1917          Rejoined unit in the field, Havre, France

16/2/1918           Awarded MILITARY MEDAL - France
                           (for bravery near Warneton in January.

24/4/1918           Promoted to Corporal.

1/5/1918             Marched into Overseas Training Brigade, Longbridge, Deverill, England (ex France)

2/5/1918              Transferred to Perm Cadre, Overseas Training Brigade from 10th Battalion, Tidworth, England
2/5/1918              Corporal attached for duty with Perm Cadre, Overseas Training Brigade, France

28/6/1918            In a daylight operation against the German enemy, recommended for Victoria Cross.  Wounded (3rd time) in action as a result.

4/7/1918             Corporal Davey's wounds were severe and he was invalided to St Johns Hospital at Weymouth, England.

10/9/1918             Received VICTORY CROSS - Weymouth, England
                            (becoming the third member of the 10th Infantry Battalion to be awarded
                             the Victoria Cross)

19/10/1918           He embarked for return to Australia onboard HMS Commonwealth.

 

Medals:
VICTORIA CROSS  (now in the Australian War Memorial)

Davey was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery and determination in action;  the Military Medal, service medals for the First World War, and coronation medals for King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.
WWI Star 1914-15 (3086);   British War medal (2032);  Victory medal (2005).

24/2/1919              He was discharged from the A.I.F.

Total service         4 years and 65 days (overseas 3 years 329 days) 

Phillip's name appears on the Victoria Cross Memorial within the Queen Victoria Building, Sydney,
New South Wales.

He was buried with full military honours in the:-
A.I.F. Garden of Memorial cemetery, West Terrace, Adelaide.
Section: Kendrew Oval; Row Number: 7; Site Number: 58.

 

Sourced and submitted by Julianne T Ryan.  23/10/2014.  Lest we forget.

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