Harold Myles CLELAND

CLELAND, Harold Myles

Service Number: 6732
Enlisted: 28 August 1916, Adelaide, South Australia
Last Rank: Private
Last Unit: 2nd Machine Gun Battalion
Born: Kent Town, South Australia, 26 August 1898
Home Town: Mount Lofty, Adelaide Hills, South Australia
Schooling: Price Alfred College
Occupation: Bank Clerk
Died: Died of wounds (cerebral lesion), Hamel France, 4 July 1918, aged 19 years
Cemetery: Adelaide Cemetery Villers-Bretonneux
Grave G3 22, Adelaide Cemetery, Villers-Bretonneux, Picardie, France
Memorials: Adelaide National Australia Bank WW1 Honour Board, Adelaide National War Memorial, Aldgate War Memorial, Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour, Kent Town Prince Alfred College 'Nobly Striving, Nobly Fell' Roll of Honour, Men from Renmark and District Roll of Honor Boards (4), Stirling Uniting Church Lych Gate
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World War 1 Service

28 Aug 1916: Enlisted AIF WW1, Adelaide, South Australia
7 Nov 1916: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 6732, 10th Infantry Battalion
7 Nov 1916: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, 6732, 10th Infantry Battalion, HMAT Afric, Adelaide
4 Jul 1918: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, 6732, 2nd Machine Gun Battalion


This submission is based on his service history, the unit history from the Australian national archives and family biographies.
Private Harold Myles Cleland Died of Wounds he received during the Battle of Hamel, 4 July 1918. His unit, the 22 Machine Gun Company was part of the 6 Australian Brigade, providing suppressive barrage fire at the outset of the attack at 0315 hours. After the operation was successfully concluded 93 minutes later his gun team moved forward in the vicinity of Hamel village to cover the positions captured during the advance. While they were digging in Private Cleland was hit by shrapnel to the helmet which initially knocked him unconscious. He came to shortly afterwards and was sent to the rear on foot to a dressing station. He came across stretcher bearers who took him to the Embankment Casualty Clearing Station in Villers-Bretonneux. This was 200 metres to the west of the current Adelaide Cemetery. He died later that day from a Cerebral Lesion, and buried nearby. In October 1919 his remains were exhumed from Embankment cemetery and re-interred at Adelaide Cemetery Plot 3, Row G Grave 22 where he now lies. Harold Miles was the youngest son of the well known Adelaide winemaker George Fullerton Cleland. His uncle was the Judge and Barrister Edward Erskine Cleland K.C. His older cousin was the renowned Australian naturalist, microbiologist, mycologist and ornithologist Sir John Burton Cleland C.B.E. (1878-1971, whom the Cleland Conservation Park on Mount Lofty, Adelaide Hills is named after.

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Biography contributed by Elizabeth Allen

Harold Myles CLELAND was born in Kent Town, South Australia on 26th August, 1898

His parents were George Fullerton CLELAND & Amy GILES