About This Unit
Raised in New South Wales the 13th Battalion was assigned to the 4th Brigade, initially in the ANZAC Division. The Colour patches of the 4th Brigade also broke with the protocol evident in the three other Brigades of the Division, and the 2nd Division. The rectangle signified the First Division. The dark blue lower half indicates the fourth Brigade of the 1st Division (all Divisions reduced to three brigades ANZAC). However instead of a black upper denoting the first battalion of that brigade, in this case it is pale blue.
Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli will be entitled to wear over the Unit “Colour Patch” on both sleeves of the Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” an indication that the wearer had taken part in the operations on the Gallipoli Peninsula. - Military Order 354 of 1917
Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli or the Islands of Lemnos, Imbros and Tenedos, or who have served on transports or hospital ships at or off Gallipoli or the Islands above-named, or in AIF lines of communication Units in Egypt will be entitled to wear over their Unit “Colour Patches” on both sleeves of their Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” as an indication that the wearer had taken part in the Gallipoli operations. - Military Order 20 of 1918
After ANZAC and back in Egypt, the 1st Division and all others were to have three Brigades, and the 4th was re-assigned to become the nucleus of the newly created 4th Division. The original Battalions of the 1st Division were splilt or "pupped" to effectively double the AIF. The 13th's 'pup' was the 45th Battalion serving in a sister Brigade (the 12th) in the 4th Division.
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