Service Number: 876
Enlisted: 1 December 1914, Bonnie Doon, Victoria
Last Rank: Trooper
Last Unit: 8th Light Horse Regiment
Born: Bonnie Doon, Victoria, 1894
Home Town: Bonnie Doon, Mansfield, Victoria
Schooling: Bonnie Doon State School
Occupation: Grocer's assistant
Died: Killed in Action, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915
Cemetery: No known grave - "Known Unto God"
Memorials: Australian War Memorial, Roll of Honour, Bonnie Doon War Memorial, Lone Pine Memorial to the Missing
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World War 1 Service

1 Dec 1914: Enlisted AIF WW1, Private, SN 876, Bonnie Doon, Victoria
7 May 1915: Embarked AIF WW1, Private, SN 876, 8th Light Horse Regiment, HMAT Palermo, Melbourne
7 May 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Private, SN 876, 8th Light Horse Regiment, Enlistment/Embarkation WW1
5 Aug 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Trooper, SN 876, 8th Light Horse Regiment, 'ANZAC' / Gallipoli
7 Aug 1915: Involvement AIF WW1, Trooper, SN 876, 8th Light Horse Regiment, The August Offensive - Lone Pine, Suvla Bay, Sari Bair, The Nek and Hill 60 - Gallipoli

Trooper Stephen John Arbuthnot

From Peter Barnes, Australia and NZ in WWI

The photograph is of Trooper Stephen John Arbuthnot, 8th Light Horse Regiment. He was from Bonnie Doon, Victoria.

He was killed in action on the Gallipoli Peninsula on the 7th of August 1915, at the age of 21. He landed at Gallipoli on the 5th of August 1915 and was killed two days later during the charge at The Nek. He has no known grave.

The charge at The Nek, on the 7th of August 1915, the day Trooper Stephen Arbuthnot died, the Australians were met with a torrent of gunfire. The charge was one of the tragedies of WW1.

The attack was made against a small section of the Turkish line at Gallipoli. Through an error in timing, the preliminary bombardment of the enemy lines ceased seven minutes before the assault, allowing the Turks plenty of time to prepare for the Australians.

Of the 600 Australians from the 3rd Light Horse Brigade who took part in the attack, there were 372 casualties. The 8th Light Horse Regiment charged with 300 men and 234 became casualties and 154 were killed, including Trooper Stephen Arbuthnot. 138 out of the 300 men from the 10th Light Horse Regiment became casualties, of whom 80 were killed. Information for Turk losses vary, with none being killed to eight dead.

When Australian Commonwealth burial parties returned to the peninsula in 1919 after the war's end, the bones of the dead Light Horsemen were still lying thickly on the small piece of ground.

The Nek Cemetery now covers most of no-man's land of the tiny battlefield, and contains the remains of 316 Australian soldiers, most of whom fell during the 7th of August attack, of whom only five could be identified.

The action is best known through its depiction in the film Gallipoli (1981). Photograph came from the Australian War Memorial (AWM) and information came from Wikipedia and the AWM.

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Biography contributed by Elizabeth Allen

Stephen John ARBUTHNOT was born in 1894 in Bonnie Doon, Victoria

His parents were Michael ARBUTHNOT and Annie REDFERN