16th Infantry Battalion (WA/SA), 4th Brigade, 4th Division, AIF

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About This Unit

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Formed in Melbourne, the 16th Battalion comprised 75% Western Australians and the balance of South Australians posted to it on formation.  Soldiers from both States were subsequently assigned as reinforcements in similar proportions.

The 16th Battalion was raised to become the fourth Battalion of the fourth Brigade in the 1st Division.  With the 13th, 14th and 15th Battalions it formed the 4th Brigade under the command of Colonel John Monash. The 4th Brigade comprised Battalions drawn from all States of Australia.  

The 4th Brigade landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 and went into combat the following week.

For most of the campaign it was detached from the 1st Division and placed under command of the New Zealand Australia Brigade under General Godley.  In the August offensive  at Gallipoli the 4th Brigade was tasked to attack Hill 971 at the top of the Sari Bair Range but the Brigade became lost in what was very complex and rough terrain, at night without proper navigation aids and with no effective communications.  The attempt to capture the heights failed and doomed the campaign to stalemate.

It later became the nucleus of the 4th Division and was split to spawn the 12th Brigade with which it was to serve alongside in the 4th Division, raised in Egypt in March 1916.  The 16th Battalion generated the 48th Battalion, which reflected the origins of the 16th but comprised a higher proportion (about 50%) of South Australians.

Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli will be entitled to wear over the Unit “Colour Patch” on both sleeves of the Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” an indication that the wearer had taken part in the operations on the Gallipoli Peninsula.  - Military Order 354 of 1917

Members of the Australian Imperial Force who served on Gallipoli or the Islands of Lemnos, Imbros and Tenedos, or who have served on transports or hospital ships at or off Gallipoli or the Islands above-named, or in AIF lines of communication Units in Egypt will be entitled to wear over their Unit “Colour Patches” on both sleeves of their Service Dress Jacket and Greatcoat the letter “A” as an indication that the wearer had taken part in the Gallipoli operations. - Military Order 20 of 1918

In 1916, as part of the 4th Australian Division, the 16th Battalion served on the Western Front in all of the major campaigns.  Most notably it was engaged in some of the heaviest fighting of the war in the successful defence against the German drive on Amiens near Dernancourt in March / April 1918.  The Battalion continued operations until late September 1918.

Battle/Campaign/ Involvement

ANZAC (/explore/campaigns/1) Apr - Dec 15 

Pozieres (/explore/campaigns/5)23 Jul-3 Sep 16

Mouquet Farm (/explore/campaigns/103) 7 Aug-3 Sep 16

1st Bullecourt (/explore/campaigns/4) 11-Apr-17

Messines (/explore/campaigns/7)1917 7-14 Jun 17

Menin Road (/explore/campaigns/26) 20-25 Sep 17

Polygon Wood (/explore/campaigns/26) 26 Sep-3 Oct 17 

1st Passchendaele (/explore/campaigns/28) 12-Oct-17

Arras 1918 28-Mar-18

Ancre 1918 (/explore/campaigns/35) (Dernancourt) 5-Apr-18

Le Hamel (/explore/campaigns/33) 4-Jul-18 HEB

Amiens (/explore/campaigns/14) 8-11 Aug 18 HEB

Albert 1918 21-23 Aug 18

Epehy 18-Sep-18

We would particularly like to encourage individual historians researchers or members of unit associations to contribute to the development of a more detailed history and photographs pertaining to this unit and its members.

Please contact  admin@vwma.org.au  (mailto:admin@vwma.org.au) for details on how to contribute.


Contributed by Steve Larkins August 2015 Updated Jun 2020


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